Statistics of war

June 10, 1999
Allied Force - Operations
Duration of the war 78 days:
March 24-June 10, 1999 *
NATO sorties flown 35,219
- Defensive Counter Air 16%
- Close Air Support 14%
- Battlefield Air Interdiction 13%
- Air-Air Refueling 21%
- Other 36%

* Terminated June 10, 1999

Allied Force - Targets
Aircraft >102
Artillery pieces 427
Armored Personnel carriers 269
Tanks 151
Other military vehicles 283
Command posts destroyed 16
Military Airfields destroyed 10
Allied Force - Death tolls
Yugoslav forces Some 10,000
Allied forces 2 (AH-64 crew)
Civilians in Kosovo
by Milosevic's crackdown
2,000 (estimate)
3 Chinese in accidental
bombing of embassy
Allied Force - Refugees
Ethnic Albanians 850,000 (estimate)

Allied Assets

May 15, 1999

All nineteen NATO countries contributed to Operation Allied Force: Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Allied Force - Allied assets
Country Assets #
Belgium F-16 (Amendola) 14
Canada CF-188 (Aviano) 12
Czech Republic Military hospital 1
Denmark F-16 (Grazzanise) 10
France Mirage 2000C (Istrana) 6
Mirage 2000D (Istrana) 13
Jaguar (Istrana) 10
C-135FR 2
E-3F 1
Super Etendard (aboard Foch carrier) 14
Puma (aboard Foch carrier) 2
Nuclear submarine, Amethyste 1
Anti-aircraft frigate, Cassard 1
Ground troops in Macedonia 2,400
Germany Tornado (Piacenza) 14
Ground troops in Macedonia 6,000
Frigate, GS Rheinland Pfalz 1
Greece *1
Destroyer, HS Kimon 1
Hungary *2
Italy War planes
incl Tornado,AMX,F-104
KC-130H (Aviano) 2
Air bases 11
Frigate, TS Zeffiro 1
Luxembourg Various operations
Netherlands F-16AM (Amendola) 10
F-16A (Amendola) 6
RF-16A (Amendola) 4
KDC-10 (NL) 2
Frigate, HMS Bloys van Treslong 1
Submarine, Hr.Ms. Dolfijn 1
Norway F-16 (Grazzanise) 6
C-130 1
Frigate, SPS Numancia 1
Portugal F-16 (Aviano) 4
C-130 1
Spain EF-18 (Aviano) 10
Turkey F-16 (Ghedi) 12
Frigate, TCG Muavenet 1
United Kingdom Harrier GR.7 (Gioia del Colle) 12
E-3D (Aviano) 3
Canberra (Gioia del Colle) 1
L-1011 3
VC-10 (UK) 2
Tornado GR.1 8
HMS Invincible 1
HMS Newcastle 1
HMS Turbulent 1
Frigate, HMS Iron Duke 1
HMS Grafton 1
United States War planes
including F-117, B-1, B-2, B-52, F-16, F-15, A-10
Carrier, USS Theodore Roosevelt 1
Cruiser, USS Philippine Sea 1
Cruiser, USS Vella Gulf 1
Cruiser, USS Leyte Gulf 1
Destroyer, USS Nicholson 1
Destroyer, USS Gonzales 1
Destroyer, USS Thorn 1
Submarine, USS Albuquerque 1
Submarine, Miami 1
Source: NATO, US DoD

1. Greece's northern port of Salonica was a major transit point for NATO forces assembling in the republic of Macedonia. And Athens has offered more facilities and possible troop contributions but only if a Kosovo peace agreement is signed and an international force (KFOR or other) is dispatched to the province.

2. Hungary has stated its readiness to contribute medical teams and it is allowing the use of Hungarian airspace and airport facilities.
3. All US ships listed are cruise missile capable.

During the operations, reconnaissance flights and Bomb Damage Assessment were covered by several countries operating a variety of recce aircraft. U-2s and UAVs like the Predator and the Hunter were also used by the USAF. An important role was performed by aircraft such as AWACS, Joint STARS and River Joint.

On June 10, 1999, the air strikes were suspended and on June 20 they were officially terminated.

On June 23, 1999, a significant amount of planes were flown out of Italy. F-117 and B-1B bombers, F-16s, F-15s, and F/A-18s left Aviano for their home base Spangdahlem. From RAF Fairford, some B-52H bombers left.

Yugoslav Forces

There were approximately 40,000 Serb troops in and around Kosovo at the time of the first attacks. These forces are equipped with tanks and Armored Personnel Carriers.

Yugoslav forces
Assets Strength
Ground Forces 114,000 active-duty soldiers
400 artillery pieces
Anti-Aircraft Forces 100 surface-to-air missiles: a mix of
SA-2, SA-3, SA-6, SA-7, SA-9, SA-13, SA-14 and SA-16.
1,850 air defense artillery pieces.
Air Forces 240 combat aircraft,
including MiG-21s and MiG-29s,
and 48 attack helicopters.
Mechanized Forces 1,270 tanks,
including T-72s, T-74s, T-55s and
M-84s and 825 armored fighting vehicles.
Source: US DoD.

Serb forces around the Kosovo border were divided into deployed forces, garrison forces, and reserve forces. The deployed forces had about 96 tanks, and the garrison forces had around 30 tanks in garrison.

There was a concentration of Serb troops along the border between Kosovo and Macedonia, by the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. These forces have been building up for several weeks.

Allied losses and incidents

June 6, 1999

Two war planes were lost during combat missions. Six Unmanned Aerial Vehicles were shot down.

Allied losses & incidents
Date Asset Country Circumstances
28 May 1 A-10A USA Hit by Serbian SAM. Aircraft returned safely to its air base
14 May 2 Drones USA Shot down by Serbs
5 May 1 AH-64 USA Crashed near Tirana on a training mission Both crew members died
2 May 1 F-16CG USA Crashed near Metic after strike mission due to engine failure;pilot was recovered two hours later
2 May 1 OA-10A USA Emergency landing at Petrovac, near Skopje
1 May 1 AV-8B USA Crashed in Adriatic on return to carrier; pilot ejected safely
26 Apr 1 AH-64 USA Crashed near Tirana on training mission; both crew members survived
18 Apr 1 F-16 Denmark Emergency landing in Sarajevo due to engine problems
16 Apr 1 OA-10A USA Emergency landing in Skopje, cause never acknowledged
14 Apr 3 Drones Germany One was shot down by Serbs; earlier, two other drones were shot down
7 Apr 1 Drone USA Shot down over Yugoslavia
27 Mar 1 F-117 USA Shot down west of Belgrade by Serbian SA-6 missile; pilot recovered hours later by combat SAR unit
26 Mar 1 F-15E USA Emergency landing at Istrana AB
=Combat, manned aircraft
=Combat, unmanned aircraft
Source: NATO, Washington Post, CNN, British MoD, Telegraaf, Jane's Defence Group.


From military angle, operation Allied Force was complete failure. Despite large number of targets, confirmed kills were around 10%. The actual number, according to sources on the command staff and an internal Air Force study, was 14 destroyed tanks, 18 APCs, 20 artillery peaces and 121 planes and helicopters mainly destroyed on ground. Military personel death toll on Yugoslav side was around 1300-1500 including engagement both with NATO and KLA. Most strikingly of all, the cease-fire terms were almost identical to those accepted by Milosevic before the war. Such a good performance of Yugoslav forces was possible due to two factors: 1. Yugoslav military intelligence had informations about almost every planned target prior to attack. Large number of beacons vere placed all over the country mimicking planes, tanks, artillery peaces, radars, sam sites ...